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LS Final Study Guide    

FINAL IS about 50 multiple choice questions.


Read and Review the following Sections/Vocabulary/Calculations in your textbook
These are the terms and concepts that we have learned this year. The test is not limited to these terms' definitions but the concepts and critical thinking that goes along with these concepts. 
If you just use your glossary you will not fully understand the concept to succeed on this exam. I have written out these terms in to key concept sentences at the bottom of this page. After you review should should be able to answer the Key Concept Questions easily. 
If you complete this study guide well it is a 4 point question on your final so bring it with you to class.

Describe each of the Five Kingdoms in detail





Bilateral symmetry


Carbon (relative dating/ absolute dating /radioactive dating)

Cell/ Cell organelles

Circulatory System (Heart, Blood, and Vessels)

Charles Darwin and his theory

DNA replication





Execratory System




Gregor Mendel and Genetics


Genome, Genetic engieering, Karyotype, genetic disorders

Heart’s function

Heart’s parts


Homologous Structures

Homozygous (Dominant and Recessive)/Heterozygous

Liver/Large intestine --> Bile

Natural Selection- 4 facors that infulence it

Mitosis (All Stages)


Photosynthesis (Know Equation)




Protein Synthesis

Punnett Square Solve one (Plus Terms Dom., Res., Hetero. )

Respiration (Know Equation)

RNA types (mRNA,rRNA,rRNA) Base Pairs A-Uracil, C-G

Selective breeding

Smoking – effects are + or - for respiratory system

Systems of the body (Cir,Resp,Ner,Digestive,-match system to common organ)



Sickle Cell Diseses

Sex linked disorders- XY- boy XX - girl

Types of Cnidarians

Types of Echinoderms



Vascular tissue in plants

Vertebrate/ Invertebrate



  1. Describe how most small molecules cross the cell membrane.
  2. Describe the events that occur during respiration.                               
  3. Identify the events that take place during the three stages of the cell cycle.
  4. Define probability and describe how it helps explain the results of genetic crosses.
  5. Identify two major causes of genetic disorders in humans.
  6. Describe important observations Darwin made on his voyage.
  7. State evidence that supports the theory of evolution.                 .
  8. List characteristics of viruses and state reasons why viruses are considered to be nonliving.
  9.  Describe the characteristics of animal-like protists and give examples.
  10.  Name the characteristics that all fungi share.     
  11.  Identify characteristics that all plants share.      
  12. Identify the characteristics that seed plants share.                               
  13. Identify the characteristics of gymnosperms and describe how they reproduce.
  14. Describe levels of organization in animal bodies.                               
  15. Define symmetry.               
  16. Identify the characteristics of sponges.    
  17. List the characteristics of arthropods.
  18. Identify the main characteristics of insects.        
  19. Explain why insects are important in food chains.                    
  20. List the main characteristics of echinoderms.     
  21. Explain why osmosis is important to cells.         
  22. Describe what happens during the process of photosynthesis.
  23. Identify the events that take place during the three stages of the cell cycle.
  24. Identify what controls the inheritance of traits in organisms.
  25. Explain what is meant by genotype and phenotype.                 
  26. Identify the events that occur during meiosis.    
  27. Describe how a cell produces proteins.    
  28. Describe the functions of the sex chromosomes.                      
  29. Explain how geneticists trace the inheritance of traits.              
  30. State the hypothesis Darwin made to explain differences between similar species.
  31. Explain how scientists can determine a fossil’s age.                 
  32. Name all the things that a plant needs to live successfully on land..
  33. Identify the characteristics of gymnosperms and describe how they reproduce.
  34. Identify four functions that enable animals to meet their basic needs.
  35. Infer general characteristics of an animal based on its symmetry.
  36. Describe the characteristics of cnidarians.          
  37. Describe the characteristics of worm.      
  38. Describe the major groups of mollusks and tell how they differ.
  39. Describe how crustaceans, arachnids, and centipedes and millipedes differ.
  40. Name the major groups of echinoderms. 
  41. Tell what codominance is.                                  
  42. Identify how mutations can affect an organism. 
  43. Describe how genetic disorders are diagnosed and treated.
  44. Explain how natural selection leads to evolution.                                            
  45. Describe how new species form.                        
  46. Contrast asexual and sexual methods of bacterial reproduction.
  47. List the roles fungi play in nature.                      
  48. Explain how animals are classified.